Skrobnica

About the origin of the stone figures local people only speculate, but it is known that  they “defy” gravitation, there are more than one hundred and are on the inaccessible  terrain.

From Skrobnica, the last village in the municipality of Knjaževactoward  Sokobanja, to the site with unusual buildings, traveling lasts  for about several hours. Who and when have made them  no one knows to say.

The eastern slopes of the mountain Devica were clearly interesting for raisingof these sculptures. The first thought was that maybe it is a graveyard.By  observing  at these buildings, it is impossible to perceive a similarity in terms of height, distance and shapes, they are all with different characteristics.

This way is where  people rarely step, but many say that it seems that the figures are changing their appearance. There used to be a lot ofcattle breeders so there is one of the beliefs that maybe they made this little artistic works in leisure.

 

Paeonia Tenuifolia – Peony

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Narrow-leafed peony

Narrow-leafed peony (Eng. Paeonia tenuifolia) is a plant OF beautiful, striking red flowers. Due to the negligent picking, today it has become a rarity. Typical habitats are dry, sandy, steppe – grass patches,  limestones and sinkholes.

There is one of the five endangered species of wild peony in Serbia, and it can be found in Deliblato Pescara , it is  found above the village Odorovci (Dimitrovgrad) and around the place Skrobnica (municipality Knjaževac).

Healing properties of this plant has been known since ancient times, so  its name originates from there. After Homer, doctor of the Gods was called Paian who cured Pluto by plant called Paonia. The thin, delicate leaves are explained in the name of a species lat. tenuifolius = narrow-leafed.

 

Ždrelo Gorge – Stogazovac

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Ždrelo Gorge

Ždrelo Gorge  is located in the village of Stogazovac, locally known also as Meteora of Knjaževac.

According to the geological map of the Republic of Serbia it is carved in limestone and clay shales from the Lower Cretaceous period. The age of rocks is estimated at about 100 million years ago. Length of the gorge is about 300 m.

 Zubetinačka  river is flowing through Zdrelo, which entering to the village of Stogazovac changes its name to Stogazovačka river.

Limestone rocks  right next to the river rise to a height of 70-80 m and are of specific formations. The highest cliffs are Lisičji kamen, which is also called Momin or Devojački kamen and Zdravački kamen. To the top of the cliff can be reached by a path behind the church. This provides a beautiful view of the gorge and the village.

The width of the narrowest part of the gorge, at the bottom, is 2-3 m. This was the only passage before the road cuts through the gorge. At the bottom of the gorge, the river bed there is a spring which locals call “Bozja trpezica”. Source has a medicinal effect oneye diseases. Roman altar was found near sources  which proves the existence of this origin in the ancient times.

The bottom of the gorge is characterized by a large number of collapsed rock blocks. Rock blocks contributed to the creation of large vortices such as Sinji vir, Telci vir and Petkovski vir.

Considering  that it is a limestone terrain, caves are common.

Vulina cave is located on the left side of the gorge, a few meters above the road, near the exit from the gorge. Aperture is semicircular height of about 2 m, a width of 8 m and a length of 11 m.

Markova cave is located on the right side of the gorge below the top of the hill Kulinje. It is difficult to access. The opening is circular in shape, height of about 4 m and a length of 5 m. The ceiling is rapidly lowered.There are many stories about this cave. According to the tradition, this is the cave of Marko Kraljevic, where he often stayed. The ceiling of the cave has  a hollow Marko did with his head, suddenly waking. At the bottom of the cave there are visible “footprints” of his feet, and in the inner wall there is a recess in the shape of a horseshoe, which is “made”  by Marko’s  horse Sarac.

As of anthropogenic values ​​of the gorge stands the Chapel of Vidovdan, which according to tradition built a Car Lazar and because of this church in Stogazovac for centuries  locals celebrate Vidovdan.

At a distance of 400 m from the village, on a hill Kulinje, there can be seen the walls and the foundations of the old town with a tower. Despite various studies, till this day, it is not known the origin of this town, nor when it was built for any purpose; there are only guesses. It is assumed that it originates from the ancient – Byzantine era, during the reign of Justinian, who was perhaps built for defensive purposes. This town – fortress had two towers that were used to observe the enemy.

 

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